Results From Brazil’s 2018 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth
Diego Augusto Santos Silva1, Diego Giulliano Destro Christofaro2, Gerson Luis de Moraes Ferrari3, Kelly Samara da Silva1, Nelson Nardo Jr.4, Roberto Jerônimo dos Santos Silva5, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes2, Valter Cordeiro Barbosa Filho6.
- Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil.
- Department of Physical Education, São Paulo State University, Presidente Prudente, Brazil.
- Department of Pediatrics, Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil and of the Centro de Investigación en Fisiologia del Ejercicio, Universidad Mayor, Santiago, Chile.
- Department of Physical Education, State University of Maringá, Maringá, Brazil.
- Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Sergipe, São Cristovão, Brazil.
- Federal Institute of Ceara, Boa Viagem Campus, Brazil.
The practice of regular physical activity in children and adolescents is important for better health and development throughout the life course. The aim of the study is to summarize the results of Brazil’s 2018 Report Card.
The 2018 Report Card included the 10 core physical activity indicators and obesity prevalence, which made up four indicator dimensions: I) Daily Behaviors (Overall Physical Activity, Organized Sport Participation, Active Play, Active Transportation, Sedentary Behaviors); II) Settings and Sources of Influence (Family and Peers, School, Community and Environment); III) Government Strategies and Investments; and IV) Health Outcomes (Physical fitness, Obesity). Comprehensive searches, including peer-reviewed and gray literature searches, were performed for each indicator. Data was considered from systematic reviews, local and national surveys, national reports, website and official information from the Brazilian Government. The information that was published until December 2017 was considered for this research.
In general, grades from the indicators in Brazil’s 2018 Report Card ranged from D- (sedentary behavior) to C (school). Only four out of ten indicators had grades of C or better.
Table 1: Grades for Brazil’s 2018 Report Card
|Overall Physical Activity
|Organized Sport Participation
|Family and Peers
|Community and Environment
*The information was presented in prevalence.
Conclusions / recommendations
Research gaps remain that, if addressed, would better define the grades. One gap was that daily behaviors were mostly self-reported in the Brazilian data. Another gap was that Brazilian regions with less Postgraduate programs, such as the North, Northeast and Midwest, had less scientific information than South and Southeast regions. Promoting physical activity indicators among Brazilian children and adolescents is still a challenge for the country.