Team Slovenia Publishes Paper on Their 2021 Report Card

Report Card team from Slovenia has just published a paper titled “Challenges of social change: The 2021 Republic of Slovenia report card on physical activity of children and adolescents” in the Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness. Citation details and a summary of the paper are below.

Congratulations, Team Slovenia!


Slovenian children are facing considerable health challenges from the rapid social changes that influence their opportunity to engage in daily physical activity.

To overlay the social changes to the established Report Card model as a means of contextualising the extreme changes in physical activity and fitness observed over several years.

Benchmarks were graded for 10 core indicators, plus two (Sleep, Seasonal Variations). Active Healthy Kids Slovenia members met (predominantly via zoom) liaising with team leader(s) on a flexible, individual basis, based on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) regulations, over the ∼2-year assessment period of the project. Data were separated to the years prior to, ‘pre’ 2018–2020, and ‘during’ the global pandemic (2020–2021). Where sufficient data existed for both timeframes, grades were averaged to produce an overall grade.

Grade results are expressed as pre/during/final grade, where the final grade (bolded) is a straight average of the two preceding time epochs: Overall Physical Activity (A-/A-/A-), Organized Sport and Physical Activity (C+/C/C), Active Play (D/C+/C), Active Transport (C/INC/C), Sedentary Behaviour (B/C/C+), Physical Fitness (A+/A-/A), Family and Peers (B+/INC/B+), Schools (A/A/A), Community and Environment (A+/A+/A+), Government (A/F/D), Sleep (D-/INC/D-), Seasonal Variations (D/C-/D+).

Although Slovenia has some of the most consistently physically-active children in the world, the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic exerted significant reductions in physical activity opportunities, and especially when coupled with funding re-distributions, resulted in the steepest decline of child physical fitness observed within the >35-year history of Slovenia’s well-established national fitness surveillance system.


Morrison SA, Jurak G, Starc G, et al. Challenges of social change: The 2021 Republic of Slovenia report card on physical activity of children and adolescents. Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness. 2023;21(4):305-312. doi:10.1016/j.jesf.2023.06.003

To read the full paper, please visit this link.