Report Card Grades
- Overall Physical Activity: D-
- Organized Sport and Physical Activity: C
- Active Play: C
- Active Transportation: D+
- Sedentary Behavior: D-
- Physical Fitness: C
- Family and Peers: B
- School: B
- Community and Environment: B
- Government: B
David Thivel, Ph.D.David Thivel obtained a PhD in exercise physiology and Human nutrition at Blaise Pascal University/Human Nutrition Unit (INRAE) working on the effect of exercise on appetite control in adolescents with obesity. He then hold a first postdocoral position at the New-York Nutrition Obesity Research Center (NYONRC) at Columbia University (USA) and joined hte Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group (HALO° of the Children Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute in Ottawa (Canada) for a second postdoc. David is now leading a reseach group working on the nutritional, metabolic and energetic adaptations energy deficits induced by exercise and/or dietary strategies at Clermont Auvergne University (France). David is vice president of the European CHildhood Obesity Group (ECOG), member of the French University Institute (IUF), and one of the leaders of the french National Observatory for Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors (ONAPS).
Results from France’s 2018 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth
List of Authors:
Salomé Aubert, Julien Aucouturier, Caroline Ganière, Alicia Fillon, Pauline Genin, Julien Schipman, Benjamin Larras, Corinne Praznoczy, Martine Duclos and David Thivel
For the second time, a Report Card on physical activity (PA) for Children and Youth was developed in France and this 2018 edition includes new data from two national surveys.
The France’s 2018 Report Card synthesized available evidence for the 10 core Report Card indicators. Two French national surveys were used to inform the Overall PA, the Active transportation and the Sedentary Behavior (SB) indicators: the National Study of Individual Nutritional Consuption 3 (INCA 3 2014-2015) and the Health Study of the Environment, Biosurveillance, PA, and Nutrition (ESTEBAN 2014-2016). The other indicators were informed by national statistics, reports and scientific studies. The French Report Card research group discussed and assigned the grades to each indicator using the standardized benchmarks and grading scheme from Global Matrix 3.0.
Results and discussion
Only a small proportion of the French children and youth (6-17 years old) are meeting the PA and SB guidelines so these two indicators were graded D and D- respectively. Several methodological problems were noted with the two national surveys: small sample size, not using validated questionnaires, potential underestimation of the PA and potential overestimation of the screen time. Moreover, there is a lack of data in France to inform grades for the Active Play, Family and Peers, and the Community and Environment indicators.
|Organized Sport and PA||C-|
|Family and Peers||INC|
|Community and Environment||INC|
While findings from two national surveys show that French children and youth are spending too much time in front of a screen, and that only a small part of the pediatric population is meeting the PA guidelines, these negative outcomes might be exaggerated because of the method used in these surveys. In contrast, French pre-adolescents (10-14 years old) show a good level of physical fitness that can potentially be explained by the good level of organized sport participation in this age group and the mandatory time devoted to PE.