Results from Ecuador’s 2018 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth
Susana Andrade, Angélica Ochoa-Avilés, Wilma Freire, Natalia Romero, Daniel Orellana, Teodoro Contreras, José Luis Pillco, Jessica Sacta, Diana Andrade, Patricia Ramírez, Miguel Martin & Silvana Donoso.
This paper summarizes the first results of the Ecuadorian Report Card 2017. The card is developed using the methodology proposed by Active Healthy Kids Global Alliance.
Grades are based on the best evidence available from national surveys, peer-reviewed literature gray literature, and governmental and non-governmental reports.
Table of Grades
|Overall Physical Activity
||32.6% (N=10910) of 10-17 years-old children reported being physically active at least 60 minutes per day at least four days per week (national sample).
|Organized Sport Participation
||42.4% (N=5254) of 9-17 years-old children reported participation in organized sport (local study from capital Quito).
||29.5% (N=6633) of 9-17 years-old children reported more than 60 minutes engaged in some active play (local study from capital Quito).
||42.7% (N=7652) of 5-17 years-old children reported walking (n=11582) or biking (n=224) to school or work (national sample).
||55.41% (N=14622) of 5-17 years-old children reported no more than two hours/day of TV and/or video-games in the last week. Since the national survey did not include other sedentary domains like computer use the grade was set at C instead of C+.
||Cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength and endurance, agility and flexibility components were evaluated on a nationally representative sample (N=10257 children 5-17 year). The databases were not accessible, and the available literature do not report physical fitness data stratified by gender.
|Family and Peers
||11.6% (N=13511) of adults with 5-17 years old children living in the same house meet the recommendation of 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity per week (national sample).
||The data available to calculate this indicator do not comply with the current governmental regulation.
|Community and Environment
||37.4%(N=68828) of the adult population (>18 year) scored their neighborhood as safe or very safe (national sample).
||Promotion of physical activity has been included in the National Constitution and in the National governmental plan (2013-2017). Additionally, Ministry of Sport was created to promote sports and to decrease sedentary behaviors of the population. Unfortunately, there is few evidences about the evaluation of the impact of the policies, and most of the strategies are focused on sports (formative sport, elite sports and organizations).
Conclusions / recommendations
Ecuadorian children and adolescents are insufficiently active. Additionally, there is an urgent need for more comprehensive evaluations in national samples by using international validated tools in order to have a complete understanding of indicator’s status and to enable comparisons over time and with other countries.
We acknowledge the collaboration of PhD. Santiago Calero and Eng. Alicia Torres collecting specific sources of data.